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Spot light Rice

Rice
Description
Quality and forms
Pakistan Export Potential
World Rice Trade
World Rice Consumption
World price for rice

World Rice Trade

Export
According to the USDA, Thailand is projected to remain the world's top rice exporter for the year 2001, with approximately 6.7 million metric tons.

 Following closely behind is Vietnam at 4 million metric tons, while the United States is ranked third with 2.65 million metric tons.

Pakistan is quickly gaining more exports share, with 2.25 million metric tons projected for the end of 2001. China and India, on the other hand, have slowed down their pace with 1.8 and 0.8 million metric tons.

In 2002, Thailand will continue to stay on top at a predicted 6.7 million metric tons. Following closely behind is still Vietnam at 4.3 million metric tons. The United States remain unchanged at 2.65 million metric tons.

Pakistan and India will likely reduce their exports volume to 2 and 1 million metric tons, respectively, while China's estimate is expected to increase to 2 million metric tons.

The total world export volume will decline slightly from 22.255 to 22.139 million metric tons from 2001 to 2002, a significant decline from 1999 at 25.062 million metric tons.

Trend in World Rice Import (1998 - 2002)

Units in Thousand metric tons 

Imports
1998
1999
2000
2001
(Aug 10)
2002
(Aug 10)
Indonesia
6,081
3,900
1,500
1,300
1,600
Iran
500
1,000
1,100
1,000
1,250
Nigeria
900
950
1,200
1,000
900
Iraq
610
781
1,274
1,000
1,000
Saudi Arabia
775
750
992
950
875
Philippines
2,187
1,000
900
850
700
EU
787
775
852
800
800
Japan
479
633
656
700
700
Senegal
600
700
700
730
725
Malaysia
593
633
596
600
600
Cote d"Ivoire
520
600
550
575
550
South Africa
525
595
525
550
550
Brazil
1,457
778
612
500
500
Others
2,893
3,538
4,215
4,206
4,134
World Total
27,270
25,062
22,872
22,255
22,139

Source: USDA, Foreight Agricultural Service (FAS), Aug 2001.

Import

Currently, Indonesia is the world's number 1 rice importer, with approximately 1.3 million metric tons. In the year 2002, Indonesia is projected to increase rice import to 1.6 million metric tons.

This increase, however, is still a significant reduction from the 3.9 million metric tons that Indonesia had imported in 1999. Trailing behind are Iran, Nigeria, and Iraq with 1 million metric tons each in 2001.

In 2202, Nigeria's imports is projected to decline to 0.9 million, while Iran's estimate is up to 1.25 million metric tons. The trend toward rice imports is spiraling downward, despite the slight increases in some countries.

Trend in World Rice Import (1998 - 2002)

Units in Thousand metric tons

Imports
1998
1999
2000
2001
(Aug 10)
2002
(Aug 10)
Indonesia
6,081
3,900
1,500
1,300
1,600
Iran
500
1,000
1,100
1,000
1,250
Nigeria
900
950
1,200
1,000
900
Iraq
610
781
1,274
1,000
1,000
Saudi Arabia
775
750
992
950
875
Philippines
2,187
1,000
900
850
700
EU
787
775
852
800
800
Japan
479
633
656
700
700
Senegal
600
700
700
730
725
Malaysia
593
633
596
600
600
Cote d"Ivoire
520
600
550
575
550
South Africa
525
595
525
550
550
Brazil
1,457
778
612
500
500
Others
2,893
3,538
4,215
4,206
4,134
World Total
27,270
25,062
22,872
22,255
22,139

Source: USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS), 14 August 2000)
 

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