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Organization Spotlight

Farmers Associates Pakistan.

The agriculture sector in Pakistan is unique in its economic and demographic dimensions: It contributes 25% to the GDP. employs over 51% of the labour force, provides livelihood to 70% of the population (according to the Last census of 1981) and accounts for 65% of tie foreign exchange earning from exports. either in the form of raw commodities or value added goods. However, experts agree that there is further potential to increase agricultural production provided this sector is accorded such priorities and incentives which in other parts of the world have already demonstrated their efficacy . Despite this significance, agriculture still remains the most neglected. misunderstood and ignored sector of the economy.

           There is a mistaken image of the agrarian community in the minds of most urban dwellers and a section of the intelligentsia that it is a feudal monolith. This is not true any more Pakistan agrarian community is extremely diversified today it embodies a  wide range of categories from subsistence-oriented small farmers and landless tenants (dependents upon on animal husbandry) all the way to commercial farmers and entrepreneurs venturing into modern method between them are inter-sectoral disparities and adverse terms of trade that divide Pakistan between the urban and rural classes. The importance of agriculture has often been national progress must come from some prior development in agriculture- not only to provide the law materials and the savings required to set up factories - both industrial and agro-based and to keep them going, but also to provide manpower and food with such stringency that agriculture productivity became stunted. Industrial growth has occurred without the synergy of vertical integration between these two vital sectors.

            The agriculture sector today is a complex and diversified undertaking. It interacts environmental aspects, balance of payments, energy supplies and unemployment etc. It is responsive to modem technological inputs like management skills- investment and and cost capital . all effective income elasticity of aggregate demand of the sector  Yet at the national level, there is no representative professional institution which can effectively articulate the paradoxes and prospects of this vital sector. Hence the need for FAP.


           FAP is not a trade organisation its primary objectives are twofold: Firstly. to help the socially, economically and technologically backward areas of the agrarian sector to catch up wilh modem times and secondly, to enable it to organise itself into a composite and coherent economic entity. FAP is a Non Governmental Organisation (NGO), sponsored by many progressive and practical farmers in the country who are committed to seeing the agrarian sector enter into 21st century keeping pace with the developed world in terms ot organisational skills, productivity and technology. It will
therefore provide services to a wide spectrum of individuals and institutions, related with agriculture, all over the country.

Unlike other trade or service vocations. The agrarian sector is spread over large areas. The sheer diversity of activities and the vast distances involved in the agrarian sector make it imperative that a central local point be created from which its collective essence may he defined. For example, when an apple orchard owner from Quetta, a motivated, voluntary and non-commercial organisation like FAP can perform the above objectives so crucial to the economic development and prosperity of Pakistan.
           FAP will neither try to substitute nor duplicate the effort of other agriculture related associations. Instead, it will concentrate on providing a common forum to  farmers and lend institutional support to other organisations in the country. In more specific terms FAP will focus its activities in the following areas (not in any order of priority):-

i. To carry out statistical, technical, economic, legal and environmental studies relating to various types of agricultural activities and ventures in the country.

ii. To recommend policy reforms at all levels of government planning, in the light of critical cross-country experience. so as to provide a free and dynamic environment for the agrarian sector to nourish in.

iii. To act as a coordinating agency between the multitude of agencies involved in agrarian development and the farming community by providing the farmers with a credible, "one window" information center.

iv. To maintain close professional likes with other trade associations  in Pakistan, international and multinational agencies, public forums, Chambers of Commerce and Industry etc.

v. To provide technical and organizational skills to regional and specific crop associations in the Agriculture sector throughout the country.

vi. To disseminate information through publications. newsletters. TV & Radio programs etc. to the farming community.

The organizational structure of FAP is based on the following criteria, not in any
order of priorities:-

Organizational Structure

1. It must be totally non-political

2. It should devolve responsibility and authority through its Executive Committee. rather than individuals as for as possible.

3. it must be simple and functional.

4. it must rely on professional personnel qualified in their respective fields of work

5. It must incorporate a uniformity of vision amongst its members. while adhering to the democratic values of consensus and representation.

6. it must be flexible and allow room for future growth and changes.

Organisational Chart of FAP     

As shown in the organizational chart there are four tiers of management at the top level is the COUNCIL of the association . consist of the life member and the Ordinary Members. It elects the executive committee of the association which in turn will elect at least two office bearers i.e. The president and the vice president (the second tier).

Membership Structure

FAP is membership criteria is multifarious and permits farmers to participate with varying degree of commitment and responsibility towards its objectives.
There are four types of membership

1. Life Members:
Any person engaged in the agricultural profession activities and who subscribes Rs.10,000.00( or any amount fixed by the Executives Committee, on a one time basis.

Any person engaged in the agricultural profession actively and who subscribes Rs.1,000.00 per annum. Or any other amount fixed by the executive committee.

3. HONORARY Members:
Any person with a record of service to agriculture in general any where in the world and whom the executives committee wishes to honor with the  membership of the association. on a non-voting basis.

 Any person in the agricultural profession who endorses the aims and objectives of the Association and agrees to pay any service charges fixed by the Executive Committee on a
non-voting basis

            The COUNCIL of the Association comprises of Life Members and Ordinary Members. Only these members will participate actively in the management of the Association. All members will have the right to participate in the General Body however be limited to the Life Members and the Ordinary Members only. There is no limit to the number of members in any category.

             The Chief Coordinator will be directly responsible to me Executive Committee and will function as its Secretary. The President and the Vice President of the Association will perform all the functions delegated delegated to them from time to time by the executives committee. while the ultimate authority vests with the council of the association , most of the day to day functioning has been delegated to the executive committee

Operational Section

Finance and Economics

The Finance Section headed by a Finance Coordinator, will have four functions to perform:

i. Responsibility for the audited accounts and maintenance of books of accounts for FAB.

ii. Plan and execute the fund raising programs of FAP, in cooperation with other related sections.

iii. Design farm accounting, budgeting and investment evaluation models, both on manual and computerized media, for helping farmers , farm businesses and training institutes is modern farm
management method under Pakistani conditions. This service will be provided against a fee.

iv. Investigate institutional credit availability arrangements to the agricultural sector and formulate and enunciate policy guidelines in this respect.


The Statistical Section, headed by an information Coordinator, will have the following functions to perform:-

i. Maintain a large and comprehensive database on agricultural statistics of Pakistan and of the world in general. All the information will be computerised and stored on (laser) disk media for easy retrieval and distribution.

ii. Collect books, periodical and journals and retain them till there relevant data is fed and stored into a computer database. In a sense this database will link all the major libraries of Pakistan where technical books and journals about agriculture may be available and thus provide information about the availability and the location of technical information in the country.

iii. Conduct Held surveys to supplement the data published by the National Agricultural Census. Information about specific and crucial issues is not readily available in the country, e.g. changes in pattern of debt by fanners or cropping patterns related with technology use or patterns of marketing output or changes in soil fertility associated with cropping pattern and technology choices etc. Such calculations are made from macro statistics on (he Provincial or National level, but no accurate micro-studies have been made on such matters. The Statistical Wing will have the staff, computers and technical expertise to identify areas needing investigation and then conduct surveys.

iv. Maintain a statistical research cell for investigating the micro-economics of the various types and sizes of farming operations in the country. It will look into issues like cost of production of various
commodities and evaluate return on investment for different types of farming ventures.

     The information collected by this Section will be available to the general public, industry, trade, media and other Institutions for a fee.

Technical Support

The Technical Support Section will be headed by a Technical Coordinator; it may be considered as the nucleus ol FAP. As this section will be dealing with a wide range of activities, it will eventually have the largest number of personnel, with diverse skills. While specialized personnel like Visual Aids experts and Ecologists will handle their respective fields of work, the Technical Coordinator, and Agronomist and the Agriculture Engineer will bring a generalised knowledge of agriculture to the
department. For policy reviews and formulation, the Technical Coordinator will be assisted by staff from other sections and supervised by the Chief Coordinator. Initially, the range of activities will spread over the following three areas:-

1. Review of Policy Plans and Programmes:
 In collaboration with the Finance & Economic Section, the Statistics Section and the Legal Section, and supervised by the Chief Coordinator, this section will review agriculture policy mailers and prepare alternative policy plans, programmes and options for publication and presentation to the Government and other concerned agencies.

2. Crop Technology:
This section will identify those areas of crop production where technological constraints are holding back yields. It would also document (in the form of data, photos and videos) (the best available crop technology within the country with) individual farmers or institutes so that its propagation can be planned through the PR Section's efforts. Finally, it would facilitate solutions for the existing technological constraints by coordinating amongst all the relevant agencies, c.g.- mechanical rice transplanting and mechanical cotton picking are two areas where the need for a local breakthrough is being urgently felt.

3. Environmental Studies:
The technical support section will also carry out studies on environmental issues in the rural areas e.g. top soil degradation due to over cropping, the effect of nitrogen heavy and imbalanced fertilizer applications to soils. soil compaction caused due to this section will be able to conduct both kinds of studies simultaneously, which will enhance the functional and economic efficiency of the

Public Relations & Liaison

The Public Relations Section, headed a PK Coordinator, will cover a wide scope to possibilities. However, initially, a small group of motivated staff will be engaged to undertake the following:-

i. Publication of a quarterly journal on agriculture.

ii- Arrangement of forums for discussions between selected crop growers and their related trade/industry associations, government officials and multinational agencies. For this purpose. FAP shall hold an Annual Meeting/Seminar as well.

iii. Arrangement of deputations of farmers to the Provincial and Federal Ministries, and abroad, to appraise them of farmers point of view on government policies.

iv. Arrangement of Seminars on specific agrarian subjects like Mechanisation, Credit. Export Promotion Support Prices. Subsidies and so forth, inviting all the agencies involved in the subject.

v. Encouraging technical writers and coordinating with the various Newspapers and publishing houses, so that issues relating to Agriculture and its economics receive maximum coverage in the media.

vi. Finding sponsors for TV programs (documentaries, discussions, talk shows etc.) and making arrangements for video productions.
vii. Maintaining a library of video material on agriculture technology for lending to farmers, other farmer associations, training institutes and the media.

viii. Promotion of FAP's name and image through direct advertisements (within the budgetary constraints) and through posters. billboards, mementos car stickers etc. at agricultural fairs, exhibitions, seminars and farmer gatherings.

ix. Represent the FAP at regional and national level exhibitions, fairs, seminars or other such forums.

x. This section will maintain communications on a formal basis

1. Federal Government.
Provincial Governments.
International donor and lending agencies.
Regional and crop associations of farmers in the Country.
Industry & trade associations of the Country.
The media, both private mid public, print and electronic, national and international.
Farmer associations in other countries.
Corporate sector involved in agri-businesses like PAPA and APTMA.


The Legal Section, headed by a Legal Coordinator* will perform the following

i. Maintain a library of all the Acts, Laws and Ordinances that materially affect the activities of agriculture sector in any way.

ii. Keep a constant vigil against any laws affecting the agriculture profession adversely, from the 1973 Constitution down to local government laws. This is to discourage any legislation prejudicial to agriculture sector. And also in publish and disseminate such information to the farmers and
general public.

iii. Consider initiating legal proceedings in a court of law against any legislation prejudicial to the agriculture sector.

iv. Invite analyse and record grievance from farmers e.g. common complaints against other sectors with whom farmers have to interact, like governmental agencies, private traders or multinationals etc.. for the purpose of maintaining statistical records.


 In view of the above substantive work programme of FAP. the following sources of financing will be explored:-

i. Funding as an NGO from national and international donor agencies on a one time grant basis, as well as on project basis.

ii. Funding from Members in the form of membership fees. service fees and donations.

iii. Fund raising campaigns and projects in the agriculture sector, e.g. sale of Journals, publications, banners, mementos and other publicity materials.

           In the initial phases, more reliance will have to be made on external source of  funding. As and when FAP is established and begins to function with a commensurate  profile the farming sector can be easily motivated to provide the requisite level of financial support. functional; and lour years before the resource mobilisation from the agriculture sector becomes sufficient to sustain FAP's budgetary requirements fully.

          Recognizing the immense potential of the national agriculture sector, let it not be said in future that an integrated and timely effort was not forthcoming from the agriculture community to harness this potential.

                                  LIST OF EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE - FAP


2 MALIK AFAQ TIWANA  Chief Executive / Director/Member Executive Committee
3 ABDUL WAHID SANDHU  Director / Member Executive Committee
4 BILAL ISRAEL KHAN  Director / Member Executive Committee
5 BRIG. RASHEED BEG  Director / Member Executive Committee
6 CH. HAMID MALHI  Director / Member Executive Committee
7 CH. OMAR SARFRAZ CHEEMA  Director / Member Executive Committee
8 DR. AFZAAL HAIDER RIZVI  Director / Member Executive Committee
9 DR. M. MUMTAZ WARRAICH  Director / Member Executive Committee
10 FARHAT ULLAH KHAN  Director / Member Executive Committee
11 FAROOQ BAJWA  Director / Member Executive Committee
12 IBAD-UR-REHMAN  Director / Member Executive Committee
13 KHALID ALI THEBO  Director / Member Executive Committee
14 KHURSHID ZAMAN QURESHI  Director / Member Executive Committee
15 MALIK BASHEER AHMAD AWAN  Director / Member Executive Committee
16 MALIK KHUDA BUX BUCHA  Director / Member Executive Committee
17 MALIK M. ALI KHOKHAR  Director / Member Executive Committee
18 MALIK M. WARYAM BOSAN  Director / Member Executive Committee
19 MIAN NOOR AHMAO HOTIANA  Director / Member Executive Committee
20 MIR CHANGEZ JAMALI  Director / Member Executive Committee
21 MISS RABIA SULTAN  Director / Member Executive Committee
22 MRS.SHAHIDA DAULTANA  Director / Member Executive Committee
23 NAEEM ULLAH MALIK  Director / Member Executive Committee
24 ROA IKRAM ALI KHAN  Director / Member Executive Committee
25 S. SHAUKAT MEHMOOD MAKEN  Director / Member Executive Committee
26 SAFDAR ALI KHAN SIAL  Director / Member Executive Committee
27 SARDAR M. SARFRAZ KHAN  Director / Member Executive Committee


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